## Compositionality and Functoriality in Machine Learning

Posted on October 2, 2020

Introduction At the heart of Machine Learning is data. In all Machine Learning problems, we use data generated by some process in order to make inferences about that process. In the most general case, we know little to nothing about the data-generating process, and the data itself is just a...

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Tags:
Compositionality, Functor, Machine Learning, Category Theory

## PCA vs Laplacian Eigenmaps

Posted on May 9, 2020

At first glance, PCA and Laplacian Eigenmaps seem both very similar. We can view both algorithms as constructing a graph from our data, choosing a matrix to represent this graph, computing the eigenvectors of this matrix, and then using these eigenvectors to determine low-dimensionality embeddings of our data. However, the...

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Tags:
Dimensionality Reduction, PCA, Laplacian Eigenmaps

## Learning Complexity and Generalization Bounds

Posted on January 30, 2020

In a typical supervised learning setting, we are given access to a dataset of samples \(S = (X_1, y_1), (X_2, y_2), ..., (X_n, y_n)\) which we assume are drawn from a distribution \(\mathcal{D}\) over \(\textbf{X} \times \textbf{y}\). For simplicity, we will assume that \(\mathbf{X}\) is either the space \(\{0,1\}^n\) or...

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Tags:
Learning, Complexity, Generalization, VC Dimension, Vapnik, Chervonenkis, Rademacher

## Models of Learning

Posted on January 23, 2020

Machine Learning researchers have a tough time agreeing on the best formulations for the problems they face. Even within the relatively well-defined setting of supervised learning, there are lots of ways to express the nature of the problem. At a very high level, we can express supervised learning as a...

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Tags:
PAC, Computational, Learning, Theory

## White Noise is Pretty Weird

Posted on January 9, 2020

I recently went off on a tangent trying to figure out how white noise works, and I found that there is a lot of strangeness to it that may not be apparent at a first glance. The content in this post is primarily from: This stackexchange answer This stackexchange answer...

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Tags:
White Noise, Probability, Random Variables, Stochastic Process